如何在Mac系统下使用phpstudy搭建网站环境?

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下面说明MAC版安装:

工具下载:https://www.xp.cn/    (phpstudy官网自行下载最新版)

 

前置条件

1. mac os 系统

2. vagrant

3. virtualbox

4. git

5. phpstudy

6. 离线版box

开始处理

首先安装vagrant和virtualbox

下载vagrant mac版本安装包,安装直接拖到Application中即可,安装virtualbox同样的方式,

安装完之后,由于网络环境不是很好,这里就不直接使用vagrant 自己的box商店了,用自己离线下载的Centos 7 box 首先添加到 vagrant 中,命令如下

添加离线box到vagrant中

vagrant box add centos/7 /Users/ylf/Desktop/centos-7.0-x86_64.box

添加之后可以可以用以下命令查看是否正确

vagrant box list

创建Vagrantfile配置文件并运行虚拟机

新建一个目录,在目录中创建Vagrantfile 文件的内容如下

 

# -*- mode: ruby -*-

# vi: set ft=ruby :

# All Vagrant configuration is done below. The “2” in Vagrant.configure

# configures the configuration version (we support older styles for

# backwards compatibility). Please don’t change it unless you know what

# you’re doing.

Vagrant.configure(“2”) do |config|

# The most common configuration options are documented and commented below.

# For a complete reference, please see the online documentation at

# https://docs.vagrantup.com.

# Every Vagrant development environment requires a box. You can search for

# boxes at https://vagrantcloud.com/search.

config.vm.box = “centos/7”

# config.vm.box_version = “1801.02”

# Disable automatic box update checking. If you disable this, then

# boxes will only be checked for updates when the user runs

# `vagrant box outdated`. This is not recommended.

# config.vm.box_check_update = false

# Create a forwarded port mapping which allows access to a specific port

# within the machine from a port on the host machine. In the example below,

# accessing “localhost:8080” will access port 80 on the guest machine.

# NOTE: This will enable public access to the opened port

# config.vm.network “forwarded_port”, guest: 80, host: 8080

# Create a forwarded port mapping which allows access to a specific port

# within the machine from a port on the host machine and only allow access

# via 127.0.0.1 to disable public access

# config.vm.network “forwarded_port”, guest: 80, host: 8080, host_ip: “127.0.0.1”

config.ssh.username=’root’

config.ssh.password=’vagrant’

config.ssh.insert_key=’true’

# Create a private network, which allows host-only access to the machine

# using a specific IP.

# config.vm.network “private_network”, ip: “192.168.33.10”

# Create a public network, which generally matched to bridged network.

# Bridged networks make the machine appear as another physical device on

# your network.

# config.vm.network “public_network”

config.vm.network “public_network” , ip: “192.168.3.233” ,bridge: “en1: Wi-Fi (AirPort)”

# Share an additional folder to the guest VM. The first argument is

# the path on the host to the actual folder. The second argument is

# the path on the guest to mount the folder. And the optional third

# argument is a set of non-required options.

# config.vm.synced_folder “../data”, “/vagrant_data”

# Provider-specific configuration so you can fine-tune various

# backing providers for Vagrant. These expose provider-specific options.

# Example for VirtualBox:

#

# config.vm.provider “virtualbox” do |vb|

# # Display the VirtualBox GUI when booting the machine

# vb.gui = true

#

# # Customize the amount of memory on the VM:

# vb.memory = “1024”

# end

#

# View the documentation for the provider you are using for more

# information on available options.

# Enable provisioning with a shell script. Additional provisioners such as

# Puppet, Chef, Ansible, Salt, and Docker are also available. Please see the

# documentation for more information about their specific syntax and use.

# config.vm.provision “shell”, inline: <<-SHELL

# apt-get update

# apt-get install -y apache2

# SHELL

end

 

然后再对应的目录中打开终端,在终端中输入如下命令

 

vagrant up && vagrant ssh

稍等片刻,虚拟机应该已经创建好了,这时候系统会让输入密码,vagrant创建的虚拟机默认密码是vagrant 在终端中输入vagrant ,这些终端输入密码时不会显示输入的字符,输入完之后,直接敲回车即可。到这里linux环境已经配置好了。

简单的解释一下上面的配置项是什么意思

设置使用的box为centos/7

config.vm.box = “centos/7”

设置默认用户为root,不然默认的用户为vagrant

 

config.ssh.username=’root’

config.ssh.password=’vagrant’

config.ssh.insert_key=’true’

由于与学习用的机子,这里把ip设置为静态ip 这样虚拟机跟自己电脑就是同意局域网,可以直接互通了。

提示: 这里的ip地址大家根据自己的电脑实际的ip来设置,ifconfig 查到具体的ip ,这里的ip设置为与其类似的,bridge 是桥接网卡的,我这里用的无线网卡,如果是用的有线连接,请根据ifconfig查出来的值具体设置

 

config.vm.network “public_network” , ip: “192.168.3.233” ,bridge: “en1: Wi-Fi (AirPort)”

到这里应该虚拟机已经设置完毕

安装phpstudy

 

把下载好的phpstudy-all.bin 放到Vagrantfile同级目录中,然后复制phpstudy-all.bin安装包到~目录

 

cp /vagrant/phpstudy-all.bin ~/

然后执行授权,安装

 

chmod +x ~/phpstudy-all.bin

~/phpstudy-all.bin

等待安装完毕,根据实际情况每个人的机子安装的时间不太一样,几分钟到几十分钟都有,跟网速,还有磁盘有关系,这时候phpstudy就安装完毕,安装完之后测试一下phpstudy启动是否方便正常

 

phpstudy restart

这时候可能会出现下面错误,这个原因是因为没有安装psmisc,安装即可

 

line 82: killall: command not found

安装psmisc

 

yum install psmisc

到这里phpstudy已经安装配置完毕,但是如果我们用来开发的话,还是需要设置一些其他的东西,我们需要设置一下mysql可以远程访问

mysql 远程访问

还是在那个虚拟机中运行下面的命令登陆mysql

 

/phpstudy/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -proot

登陆mysql,调整当前的数据库

 

use mysql;

给root用户远程访问权限

 

grant all privileges on *.* to ‘root’@’%’ identified by ‘root’;

flush privileges;

关闭防火墙

 

systemctl stop firewalld

禁止防火墙开机启动

 

systemctl disabled firewalld

到这里mysql远程连接已经开启,在mac上安装phpstudy到这里已经差不多到此结束,介于篇幅,后面我们会具体讲一下如何利用phpstorm配合phpstudy远程调试,远程部署,自动上传。

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